U.S. Government/U.S. Laws

U.S. Government
The federal government of the United States is the national government of the constitutional republic of the fifty states that is the United States of America.  The federal government includes three distinct branches of government: legislative, executive, and judiciary.  These branches have various powers defined by the U.S. Constitution.

Executive Branch 
The executive branch of the government is responsible for enforcing the laws of the land. The president, vice president, department heads (cabinet members), and heads of independent agencies carry out this mission.
Judicial Branch
Courts decide arguments about the meaning of laws and how they are applied. They also decide if laws violate the Constitution—this is known as judicial review, and it is how federal courts provide checks and balances on the legislative and executive branches.
Legislative Branch
Article I of the Constitution establishes the legislative or law making branch of government. It has a two-branch Congress—the Senate and the House of Representatives—and agencies that support Congress.


U.S. Laws
The U.S. laws consist of many levels of codified and uncodified forms of law, of which the most important is the U.S. Constitution.  The U.S. Constitution is the foundation of the federal government of the U.S. It sets out the boundaries of the federal law, which includes constitutional acts of Congress, constitutional treaties ratified by Congress, constitutional regularions promulgated by the executive branch, and case law originating from federal judidiary.  


Legal age to drive in Iowa 17
Legal age to smoke sigarettes in Iowa 18 
Legal age to consume alcohol in Iowa 21 

U.S. History
The history of the U.S. traditionally starts with the Declaration of Independence in 1776; however, it traces back to prehistoric times and Native Americans.  UNI offers many classes on the U.S. History: United States History to 1877, United States History Since 1877, U.S. History from 1929 to 1960, Recent United States History, History of Iowa, among others.